Digestate is equal or a better alternative to mineral fertilization of Kohlrabi
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In a one-year vegetation pot experiment, we compared the eff ect of digestate from a biogas station and mineral fertilisers on yield and quality parameters of kohlrabi, variety Segura F1. Four treatments were used in the trial: 1) untreated control, 2) urea, 3) digestate, 4) urea, triple super phosphate, KCl, MgSO4. The N dose was the same in treatments 2–4, 1.5 g N/pot. In treatment 4 the P, K and Mg doses corresponded to those supplied in the digestate treatment (3). The weight of single kohlrabi bulbs in the unfertilised control was signifi cantly lower (36.2%) than in the urea treatment (100%) and the other fertilised treatments. A er application of digestate (treatment 3) and mineral fertilisers (treatment 4), the weight of single bulbs signifi cantly increased by 36.2 and 33.6%, respectively, compared with the urea treatment (2). The content of ascorbic acid did not diff er between the fertilised treatments (282–301 mg/kg), but was signifi cantly lower than in the unfertilised control (334 mg/kg). There were signifi cant diff erences between all fertilised treatments (2, 3, 4) in bulb nitrate content (745, 187, 462 mg NO3 -/kg fresh matter, respectively). A er digestate application the content decreased signifi cantly, to 187 mg NO3−/kg fresh matter. The soil Nmin content a er harvest varied between 4.19–5.79 mg/kg in all fertilised treatments and the N-NH4 + form prevailed over N-NO3− only in the digestate treatment (3.45/2.34 mg/kg). We recommend the use of digestate to kohlrabi as it results in comparable or better yield and qualitative parameters of kohlrabi compared with mineral fertilizers.
FuenteActa Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis, 60(1), 91-96
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